The 18 Most Misunderstood Rules of Golf. 1. Red Lateral Hazard. Option 1 â€“ Play it from the hazard. Option 2 â€“ Replay the shot from the originalposition incurring a stroke and distance penalty Option 3 – Draw a line from the hole to where the ball last crossed the margin of the hazard and drop anywhere behind that point keeping the point between you and the hole incurring a 1 shot penalty. Option 4 – go to the point where the ball last crossed the margin of the hazard and drop within 2 club lengths, no nearer the hole, on either side of the hazard incurring a 1 shot penalty.